Obesity or excessive weight gain is a disease resulting from excess accumulation of fat in the body, necessitating to be treated. Obesity occurs when the amount of energy taken in through nutrition surpasses the amount of energy consumed by the metabolism and through physical activities.
Obesity is a disease affecting the cardiac and vascular system, respiratory system, hormonal system, and the digestive system and providing a baseline to several directly related, important diseases, some of which are cardiac disorders, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, respiratory disorders, joint disorders, irregular menstruation, infertility, impotence, gallbladder disease, stone formation, certain cancer types.
Treatments for obesity are as flows; gastric balloon, sleeve gastrectomy (gastric sleeve), gastric bypass, stomach stapling (vertical banded gastroplasty) and robotic surgery. The suitable treatment is advised by the doctors according to patient’s Body Mass Index (BMI), waist circumference measurement and patient’s general health condition.